ホイ キース チャールズ   HOY, Keith C.
  HOY, Keith C.
   所属   広島修道大学  国際コミュニティ学部
   職種   教授
言語種別 日本語
発行・発表の年月 2022/02
形態種別 学術論文
標題 Constructivism and Idealism: The Forces that Shaped Japanese Whaling
執筆形態 単著
掲載誌名 Shudo Law Review
掲載区分国内
出版社・発行元 Shudo Law Review
巻・号・頁 44(2),1-10頁
頁数 10
概要 This paper will examine 2 major forces that have shaped the Japanese whaling industry from the 1950s on. They are Constructivism and Neo-liberalism. Japan's entry into the International Whaling Commission (IWC) came at a time when most of its membership consisted of whaling nations that favored the sustainability of existing whale stocks. This philosophical approach changed dramatically during the 1970s when a persuasive constructivist belief based on whale conservancy became the dominant norm within the IWC. The non-state actors responsible for this conservation movement came from a variety of environmental groups which Japan was at odds with from the 1980s on. Japan was one of a few nations within the IWC that resisted this new transnational norm and continued to hunt for whales in order to serve its domestic market. However, this industry was truncated by Neo-liberalist pressures which ultimately forced Japan to leave the IWC in 2018.